How to plant lavender bushes
Things You'll Need Gravel Trowel Fishbone meal Powdered lime Garden shears 1 Plant lavender in spring after all danger of frost is over. A fall planting is also feasible so long as there are two months before the first frost hits the area. 2 Locate an area that has well-drained soil. Sandy soil or soil that has gravel is also suitable for lavender, but amend clay soil so that it drains. Soil pH should be between 6.5 and 7.5. Choose a sunny area that gets six to eight hours of sun a day. 3 Remove all weeds from the area. Lavender does not compete well with other plants. 4 Water the lavender plant while still in the nursery container about one hour before planting. Let the excess water drip out the  bottom of the container. 5 Dig a hole with a trowel that is a little larger than the root ball of the plant. Place 1 inch of gravel or stone in the bottom of the hole to promote good drainage. Sprinkle in a little bonemeal and lime if the soil pH is low; mix them into the soil. 6 Prune the top and sides of the plant with garden shears. Remove it from the container and remove as much planting material as possible Lavender does better being planted with bare roots. Spread out the roots. 7 Sprinkle some soil in the hole and place the roots at the bottom. Start to fill the hole with soil and keep filling until the hole  is full and it comes to the stem of the plant that was above ground in the original container. Press down to secure the plant in the ground 8 Water the plant well. Keep the ground moist for one week after planting. How to Care for Lavender Bushes
. Instructions Things You'll Need Water Pea gravel Bone meal Hand pruners Straw Burlap Twine 1 Water newly planted lavender bushes once every two or three days to keep the soil moist for at least one to two weeks. Then water the lavender bush only if your area experiences a drought. 2 Spread a light-colored mulch, such as pea gravel, around the base of the lavender bush in a 1-inch thick layer. This keeps the leaves and stem dry, which prevents disease from developing. 3 Fertilize the lavender bush by applying one handful of bone meal around the base of each bush in the fall. Water the soil well afterward to dissolve the nutrients into the soil. 4 Wait until the early fall before the first frost occurs and prune off one-third of the lavender stems near the base of the ground  using hand pruners. Choose the longest stems to remove, which rejuvenates the bush and controls the height of the plant. 5 Winterize the lavender bush in the late fall before the first freeze occurs. Cover small lavender bushes completely in a mound of straw and wrap larger bushes in burlap secured with twine. Leave the protection on until after the threat of frost passes in the spring and then remove it. Care of Lavender These small bushes are very easy to care for. There are two main considerations, water and pruning. To some degree feeding will also affect the quality of the plant. In temperate climates such as the UK there is almost no situation where lavender in a plant bed will require watering. It is very well adapted to prolonged drought, the long, thin, thick leaves are it's mechanism for preserving water. So unless there is a prolonged drought and the plant is wilting then do not water it. Lavender in pots and tubs will require watering a little more frequently but be very sparing. Only water when the compost has dried out for a couple of days. Do not feed lavender when planting it. Each spring after that apply a general purpose liquid feed, no further feeding is required. HOW TO PRUNE LAVENDER This is simplicity itself. Firstly, do nothing for a complete year's growth. Then each year after flowering has finished in autumn, cut off the top six inches of growth. It's that simple, no special techniques required at all.
Lavender is classified as an herb because it is ofter used as a flavouring, especially for teas. Many varieties of lavender originated around the world including Italy, Spain and the Netherlands. The flowers of a lavender plant are highly aromatic and used to scent items such as perfume, potpourri and even fabric softener. Caring for a lavender bush is a relatively basic task, since the bushes actually thrive with very little care
After about six years or so your lavender bush will start to get woody at the base and foilage will progressively only appear at the top of the plant  
If you are one of those who simply cannot destroy a long serving plant then try to encourage new growth at the base by pruning in  three stages. STAGE 1 Cut the foliage back by about one third in spring. This will cause the lavender to put on new bushy growth. STAGE 2 When the new growth appears leave if for a month or so and then cut back that growth by half. This may well cause foliage to appear at the base. If it doesn't work, and often this the case, then all hope is lost! STAGE 3 If stage 2 did work then the final step is to prune out the old growth so that it is about 5cm (2in) above the new growth. Never prune into old wood which has no new growth from it. If you do this the old wood will never be productive again. LAVENDER PEST AND DISEASE Lavender has very few pests and diseases. There is a widely held but unproven theory that lavender prevents diseases in other plants. The most evidence we have is that it does  reduce the amount of greenfly and white fly. PESTS Lavender is remarkably free from pests. It is occasionally affected by cuckoo spit (caused by froghoppers / green capsid bug). It is a bit unsightly but causes no damage at all. DISEASE Lavender is also mainly free from pests. The diseases noted below are a rare occurrence. Alfa Mosaic Virus is fatal. It can be identified by yellow areas appearing on the leaves. If left, the leaves will distort and the plant  will eventually die. It is spread by aphid and human contact. As soon as it is noticed the plant should be dug up and burnt. Shab (Phomopsis lavandulae) will also kill lavender plants. Several decades ago this disease decimated most of the commercially  grown crops in the UK. But it has not been seen for 30 years or more.
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